Actionable insights on equities, fixed-income, macros and personal finance Start 14-Days Free Trial
Actionable investing insights Get Free Trial
Charts & Analysis

RBI Warns of Rupee Volatility As It Works Through Returning $20 Billion To Leveraged NRI Deposits


The RBI has had an interesting statement made on liquidity. We know at Capital Mind that the RBI did some crazy things in 2013 with liquidity – they had taken on massive FCNR deposits for three years, giving banks a 3.5% hedge for the currency. Basically it meant that Indian banks offered risk free deposits to NRIs at 5.5%, taken the hedge at 3.5% and effectively got in money at 9%, which was reasonable at the time.

But things seem to have changed now that the banks have to return the money. Here’s the RBI statement:

On liquidity, there have been two concerns. First on the maturing of FCNR(B) deposits, our sense is that the leveraged portions of those deposits will not be renewed. Therefore, there could possibly be outflows of the order of $ 20 billion. The RBI has covered those requirements in the forward markets, and will take some advance deliveries in the lead up to the maturation of the deposits. Of course, some counterparties are apprehensive that they will not be able to deliver easily on the dollars we are owed, and hence there may be some dollar shortage in the market. This is something that we will monitor. We may supply dollars in case of extreme volatility, but no one should take this for granted. We are, however, committed to supply short term rupee liquidity to the extent needed, to support our monetary stance.

What this means is:

  • RBI has to return $20 billion to banks
  • RBI had ‘hedged’ this exposure with some other parties (usually this will be different banks)
  • Those banks have basically thought of these as “forward” contracts – a traded product that is usually not “deliverable”, more typically it is rolled over
  • This time it’s not going to be rolled over
  • So they have to give RBI these dollars
  • $20 billion is a lot
  • They will have to buy this amount of dollars from the market (no one keeps $20 billion hanging around in their back pocket)
  • When they do that the market is going to be tizzy
  • Because there aren’t that many dollars in the market in the first place
  • So they’ve told RBI they can’t deliver easily boss, where will we get $20 billion from
  • Whenever there is a shortage of dollars, RBI will usually help provide these dollars
  • But this is slightly screwed up. RBI wants forward-counterparty banks to give it $20 billion so it can return the FCNR hedge. These banks say not enough dollars in the market for us to buy and give it to you. So they want RBI to somehow supply those dollars in the market. Which means RBI will supply dollars just so that it can get them back from those forward hedges.
  • RBI is saying “you shouldn’t take that for granted that we will supply dollars”
  • Which is a warning.

What’s it warning? That there will be some mad situations in the USDINR market. The prices will go crazy, with RBI participating at extremes. The direction, between now and November (when the FCNR pieces expire), will be a downmove and then a spike when RBI comes, then a downmove again, and up-spike and so on. Fun!

Here’s the RBI’s derivative positions as of April 2016. So about $1.8 billion matured in May. That already saw some volatility in the USDINR.

There’s $3.6 billion maturing in June-August. And then, there’s $17 billion maturing after August, and we can assume that the $25 billion will be paid out around November. Oh, this is going to see some mad action, and it’s probably starting soon.

RBI Derivative Positions

In Macronomics (Capital Mind Premium) we will do a more detailed set of posts on how this evolves. (Do subscribe – we have over 400 past posts on Macro, Options and Strategies). 


Like our content? Join Capitalmind Premium.

  • Equity, fixed income, macro and personal finance research
  • Model equity and fixed-income portfolios
  • Exclusive apps, tutorials, and member community
Subscribe Now Or start with a free-trial